Sessions / College & University Education

Developing a Phrasebank: A Critical Examination of Phrasal Lists #2080

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The study outlined in this poster presentation examined phrasal expression lists to determine characteristics, strengths and weaknesses, and whether a particular type of list might be lacking. Examining factors related to the process undertaken in producing each list and concerning the product itself revealed that existing phrasal lists were typically either research-focused or pedagogically-focused. Results highlight factors to consider when producing an empirically-derived phrasal expression list that is of direct value to L2 students.

Virtual Exchange to Increase Students’ Intercultural Competence #2097

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Virtual exchange (VE) often suffers from an over-reliance on individual teachers and specific courses. This presentation outlines a project, showing how the authors increased VE opportunities, starting with creating a model of the attitudes, knowledge, skills, and values the researchers hoped VE would instill. Students worked towards these outcomes through several modes of VE which were evaluated using BEVI-j and interviews. This presentation will share the results, now being used to improve access to VE.

Cancelled Measuring and Developing Second Language Self-Efficacy #2113

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When acquiring a new skill, such as using a second language, learners who have high self-efficacy—who believe that they can complete the tasks necessary to achieve growth—are more likely to work hard to advance and overcome obstacles (Bandura, 1977). This poster presentation demonstrates how L2 self-efficacy can be measured, and promoted, in various learning contexts. To demonstrate, the presenter offers a Rasch-validated measurement of L2 English listening self-efficacy to visitors as a model.

Using a Formative Module to Develop Oral Communication Skills #2121

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The presenter will share a teaching experience using a formative assessment module with large classes in presentation class. The formative model mainly consists of individual presentations, group presentations, pre-recorded videos, and group poster presentations. Each task of the module was graded based on the presentation outline, design of PowerPoint and poster, presentation skills, etc. By applying the formative module, the study found that the students increased their confidence in speaking and improved their presentation skills.

How to Create an Effective On-Demand Video – From Students’ Perspectives #2135

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Providing on-demand videos has become one alternative to teaching, due to the pandemic. Teachers normally tend to focus on the context and think less about the video itself, which is a significant tool when teaching online. This presentation will introduce key points to create an effective and learner-friendly video, based on the survey conducted with university students. Moreover, the presenter will discuss further possibilities of how on-demand videos can potentially enhance students' engagement in learning.

An Evaluation of an Extensive Listening Pilot Program #2138

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Very few would question the efficacy of extensive listening in building students’ L2 listening fluency and proficiency. In this poster presentation, the researchers present an extensive listening pilot program and study in which a group of university students listened to graded readers over a semester. The researchers will also present the results of the study and suggestions for alterations to the program and future research.

Cancelled Professional Development of JTEs Using Knowledge-Building Pedagogy #2161

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In Japan, the Ministry of Education’s (MEXT) national curriculum regarding the subject of English has continuously emphasized the development of students’ communicative abilities. Teacher development is critical to meet needs for curricula that are aimed at going beyond knowledge transmission teaching to knowledge creation and innovation using a knowledge-building pedagogy. The study offers two models that are applicable to teacher development in helping teachers meet curricula that are focused on knowledge creation.

Using Synonyms to Improve Low-Proficiency Learner Vocabulary #2174

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An overview of a preliminary stage in a proposed study of activities using synonyms in a reading class to improve the vocabulary of low-proficiency learners (average and mean TOEIC scores of 340). The poster will show examples of activities, student output and as well as data collected. The presenter hopes to share insights with other educators to foster improved vocabulary teaching practices.

Producing a Podcast During the Pandemic #2235

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Our university's popular overseas research clerkship program for 2nd year students was suddenly canceled during the pandemic. Rather than also cut the preparatory classes, we decided to try something new. This was the genesis of English Communication: Podcasts & Podcasting. By the end of the semester, we created ten episodes with listeners from more than twenty countries. Come and learn how you can start something similar at your school.

Improving the BETs: Searching for Validity and Online Feasibility #1981

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This poster outlines the development of a streaming and CEFR level-assessing end-of-course test for first- and second-year students. Considering the issues faced in establishing validity, it describes the three-stage Rasch, Excel and text analysis process that has evolved to now form the basis of our annual review and rewriting procedure. It also addresses problems faced in further streamlining and adapting from a paper test to an online test fit for COVID times.

Activities to Improve the Structural Quality of Arguments in Essay Writing #2241

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This poster presentation explores how teachers can address argumentation in an academic writing course by offering material that helps learners identify, analyze and evaluate effective arguments. The presentation includes specific activities and techniques on identifying the elements and structure of an argument, determining the relevance of reasons and the sufficiency of evidence, and applying rubrics to examine the structural quality of arguments. Materials are available for teachers to implement in their classrooms immediately.

Foreign Language Enjoyment and Anxiety in the Communicative Classroom #1987

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This poster examines the relationship between foreign language enjoyment and foreign language anxiety among Japanese English learners in a university-level oral communication course. Results from survey data and learner comments on experiences that engendered enjoyment and anxiety are discussed, as well as implications for increasing enjoyment and reducing anxiety in oral communication courses.

Cancelled A Review of 2 Corpus-Based Tools for Language Learners: Youglish and SKEll #2001

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Corpus-based tools can help L2 users improve their vocabulary knowledge by providing real-world examples and context which can enable them to discover facts and notice patterns by themselves. The YouTube based tool, Youglish, and the language learner version of the Sketch Engine corpus, SKEll will be reviewed, considering strengths and limitations. In addition, how the tools can be presented to students and their potential benefits for use in writing courses will be discussed.

Students’ Reaction to a Choice Between Flipgrid and Google Meet #2014

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This observational study examines students’ reaction to choices between Flipgrid and Google Meet for participation in communicative or oral production activities in online English courses offered at a private university in Japan. Results indicate that students appreciated having a choice, and while a majority more often chose the live Google Meet sessions, this depended largely on class makeup.

A New Textbook for Teaching Intercultural Communication in Language Classes #2333

Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 03

Ibunka - Intercultural Communication in Daily Life, a new textbook and online platform from Alma Publishing, has two basic aims: (1) incorporate language scaffolding so that it can be used in intermediate-level language classes, and (2) tackle intercultural communication from the perspective of daily life habits rather than concepts, so that it is meaningful for average university students—even with limited life experience. The presenter will explain how this text can be used in various class contexts.

Cancelled Changing Perspectives on Culture, Communication and Competence #2118

Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo CANCELLED

The role of culture in communication is undeniably critical and well documented yet remains one of the most challenging aspects to teach. Understanding and explaining how to communicate effectively and appropriately across differences is an essential component of language teaching. This presentation will describe 10 categories of cultural orientations and communication styles that can be used to objectively teach unfamiliar concepts. Further introducing a framework of relatable criteria for raising awareness and developing meta-cultural competence.

The Motivations of Vietnamese Students in Our Classrooms #2198

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

There has been a noticeable increase in Vietnamese student numbers in higher education recently, changing class dynamics for many teachers. This presentation uses the results of a mixed method study exploring motivations of Vietnamese studying in Japan, and the challenges they encounter including financial and social effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding these motivations will give educators a fresh perspective of the Vietnamese diaspora, and suggestions to better accommodate them.

Teaching English Lexical Categories to Japanese Students #2204

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Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 10

The present study proposes an explicit instruction to teach English lexical categories to Japanese students. College-level Japanese students were tested on their knowledge of lexical categories, i.e., whether they were able to distinguish and identify four major categories: nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. Then the explicit instruction was given to them, focusing on morphological properties, i.e., types of affixes, and syntactic properties such as categories’ sentence positions, showing the effect of the instruction.

Exploring LGBTQ+ Pedagogy in Japanese University Classrooms #1961

Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 13

Queer pedagogy is an approach to ELT that aims to foster an inclusive environment for all students (and teachers) to freely express their ideas and identities. In this interactive workshop we will share our experiments of introducing both explicit and implicit examples of queer pedagogy in our classes and then invite participants to share their own ideas, lesson plans, and experiences of promoting an LGBTQ+-friendly approach to English teaching and learning.

Benefits of Using Multiple Representations to Low L2 Proficiency Learners #2242

Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 11

Generally, authentic materials are considered difficult for low L2 proficiency learners. The study found that when L2 learners engage in connected learning by watching multimedia videos and reading texts of the relevant topic together, and the content is meaningful to them, they perceive authentic content learning positively. In this presentation, I will share relevant research and some participants' responses to show how deeply they were able to learn TED Talk ideas through connected learning.

Facilitating Student Participation in Global Academic Community Activities #2246

Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 17

This workshop is for teachers who are interested in helping students explore the global academic community and collaborate with students in other countries. The workshop gives examples from a 2020 project on global student citizenship and discusses implications for intercultural communication skills, language awareness, and linguistic proficiency. Participants will receive practical advice on how similar projects can be designed and implemented in their own courses.

The Fine Art of Explaining Japanese Culture #2310

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Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-11:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 02

One difficulty for many EFL teachers facing oral discussion classes relates to the simple issue of conversational topics. Some topics might be either uninteresting or unfamiliar to some students making it difficult for them to contribute opinions or questions. Explain It: Discussing Japanese Culture in English is a textbook solving this problem, helping students to explore their own culture and opinions about it. Topics range from sports, handicrafts, superstitions, the arts, and theater, among others.

Linguaskill, the AI Powered English Test Developed by Cambridge English #2320

Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-11:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 04

Linguaskill tests the real-life language needed for an academic environment with in-depth, accurate, individual and group reporting aligned with international standards. This means you can make confident placement and admissions decisions, and students have the skills they need for academic success and enhanced employability. The remote proctoring solutions and extensive learning solutions have helped learners to achieve their goals amid the pandemic. Find out more about Linguaskill and such solutions in our session.

Toward Future College English Education: Asking Who We Are #2380

Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-11:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22


Turning Adversity Into Opportunity: Virtual International Exchange #2137

Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-11:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 16

This workshop demonstrates how a virtual classroom based international exchange program implemented with the University of Hawaii, three universities in Europe, and elsewhere enhanced student learning and motivation for international exchange. We will share administrative knowhow and instructional approaches toward successful program implementation using classroom video data and other materials. The workshop is useful for university leaders, international program administrators, and instructors interested in enhancing international exchange in the post-COVID era.

JALT CT SIG Forum and Annual General Meeting #2389

Sat, Nov 13, 10:45-12:15 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 24

This year’s CT SIG forum will focus on curriculum design for both small scale (in the classroom) and large scale (university-wide) which integrate critical thinking into English learning. The presenter will share prints and ideas on how you can help your students think more critically in English. Join us for an informative presentation followed by the JALT CT SIG AGM promptly afterward.

The Effect of Practice Tasks on L2 Writing Development: A CAF Perspective #2136

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Sat, Nov 13, 11:25-11:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

The presenters will share the results of a mixed-methods study investigating the effects of different types of writing practice on developing complexity, accuracy, and fluency (CAF) in the writing of Japanese university students. Three groups who received regular practice in either sentence-combining, translation, or fluency writing were compared on measures of CAF across one semester. The findings from the study will be discussed in terms of pedagogical implications for writing instructors.

Enriching Online Study Abroad Programs With Cultural Lessons #2196

Sat, Nov 13, 11:25-11:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

This presentation highlights a support project for Japanese students enrolled in online study abroad (SA) programs. As a result of pandemic-related travel restrictions, some students have started online SA programs. However, the barrier to desired increases in intercultural competency is challenging. This project sought to enrich online SA experiences by providing supplementary lessons aimed at enhancing intercultural awareness. This presentation highlights how the project was set up, and participants’ perceptions of the support lessons’ value.

How to Uncover and Connect Arguments in an EAP Textbook #2254

Sat, Nov 13, 11:25-11:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 17

How well do we know our EAP textbooks? Influential elements of academic arguments are often unstated. The focus of this presentation is a framework for generating an answer to that question and the findings of its application to the 12 academic lectures in the popular EAP course book Contemporary Topics I. Being able to draw out and organize key elements of academic texts is a useful tool for finding previously unrecognized connections among academic content.

Write Right: Reducing the Writing Anxiety of University EFL Students #2044

Sat, Nov 13, 11:25-11:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 09

EFL university students are often crippled by their writing anxiety, making it difficult for them to accomplish a myriad of academic writing requirements in English. Understanding the types and levels of students’ writing anxiety would help EFL teachers improve their pedagogical approaches in making students confidently write right.

Strategies and New Perspectives for Teaching Academic Writing Online #2342

Sat, Nov 13, 11:25-12:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 01

Teaching academic writing online is hard to do well. This workshop coalesces around three key pedagogical tactics for teaching academic writing: scaffolding, chunking, and interrogative methodology. The workshop lays out strategies for combining these approaches and provides an overview of digital technologies that can aid in the teaching of English-language academic writing at the college or university level. This workshop reflects on past practice and offers new perspectives for an online or hybrid educational future.

The Evolution of Speech Recognition and English Learning #2400

Sat, Nov 13, 11:25-12:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

This presentation covers the IntelliSpeech assessment system developed by EnglishCentral as well as AI-based speech solutions from other providers in the English learning market. It reviews the use of these technologies in read-aloud applications, elicited imitation, sentence building and finally conversational chatbots. The accuracy and efficacy of these systems are discussed as well as the pedagogy that underpins them.

The Impact of ERT on Part-Time Teachers’ Wellbeing #2176

Sat, Nov 13, 11:25-12:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 13

The COVID-19 pandemic created upheaval for Japanese universities as they faced the necessity of shifting to emergency remote teaching on short notice. The sudden shift had a traumatic impact on the wellbeing of part-time language teachers. This presentation will discuss case-study data from six part-time teachers, indicating how occupational and personal factors affected their wellbeing. The presenters will also argue for greater institutional support for part-time teachers.

Teaching Students How to Write a Literature Review #2012

Sat, Nov 13, 11:25-12:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 10

Teaching students how to write a literature review requires providing instruction on respecting academic norms and hands-on, systematic guidance to learners. The presenter will share such an approach; he will demonstrate how to set up a literature review matrix and then add, organize, and tab information from sources in the matrix.

Impact of Short-Term Study Abroad on Long-Term L2 Motivation #2119

Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

This study examines the effects of study abroad experiences on Japanese university students’ long-term L2 motivation. Thirteen students who had attended a three-week program in the US at the end of their second year participated in the study. They completed a questionnaire and had follow-up interviews before their departure, upon their return, 5 months later, 10 months later, and upon graduation. Following the presentation of the results, pedagogical implications will be discussed.

In Quest of the Optimal Way of Using Grammarly for College Writing Tasks #2151

Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 11

There is a growing interest in using automatic grammar checkers for English language teaching. To find the optimal way of using machine corrective feedback, the researcher experimented with 75 second-year university students. They received three types of feedback: machine feedback by Grammarly, indirect written feedback with marking, and direct written feedback with correct forms. Students’ views collected through a post-questionnaire suggested the complementary use of Grammarly could raise students’ satisfaction levels while lowering teachers’ burden.

Feedback Strategies That Enhance Social Presence in Online Classes #1952

Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 15

In asynchronous online learning environments, students often report a feeling of isolation or disconnect from their teachers and classmates that negatively impacts their learning experiences. Thus, a challenge educators face while teaching online is how to effectively build a rapport with students to help create a community of learners. This presentation will describe innovative approaches to providing feedback that can diminish this feeling of isolation, increase motivation, and improve student-teacher rapport in online learning environments.

A College CLIL Course to Enhance Happiness #1978

Pre-recorded Video

Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 19

This presentation aims to describe how a new college CLIL course combining career education and English learning influenced students’ well-being and happiness. Through the three questionnaires conducted at the beginning and the end of the semester, it was found that the students’ subjective happiness significantly increased. It was also indicated that positive feelings were enhanced. Some fun and happiness-enhancing activities based on positive psychology and cognitive neuroscience will also be presented.

Film Dialogue and Voice Over Film Projects in ESL: Student Attitudes #1983

Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 17

This presentation looks at the role of a film project and its role in student attitudes and motivation. In this project, two separate student groups worked collaboratively to create either a voice-over or dialogue recording from a choice of two different film clips in a university non-credit course. In this presentation, I will report on the results of a survey given to the students and comment on the role of films in English learning.

Emboldening Leadership in Higher Education EFL: A Mixed Methods Study #2002

Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 20

Japan has instituted a number of initiatives to internationalize its higher education sector. This presentation outlines a mixed methods study exploring the role of leadership in these processes. The study compared Japanese and non-Japanese academics’ (N = 153) perceptions of leadership using the full range leadership model. The results informed a second phase of semi-structured interviews (N = 10). The results provide insight on effective leadership for current and aspiring leaders working in EFL contexts.

A Corpus-Based Study on Lexical Bundles of Taiwanese EFL Students’ Writing #2007

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 09

This corpus-based study examines lexical bundles and their functions observed in Taiwanese college English majors’ essays. Three corpora of academic essays were established based on the students’ writing fluency levels. An online instrument, N-Gram Extractor (Lextutor), was used to identify 2- to 6-word lexical bundles. The results showed the intermediate-fluency-level students used more lexical bundles, whereas the lower-fluency-level students hardly produced any. Stance bundles were found to be the most used function types.

Stabilized Pragmalinguistic Errors in English Modals for Social Interaction #2026

Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 14

This research explores Japanese EFL learners’ repeated pragmalinguistic errors in using modal verbs for social functions. They may lead to stabilization (a temporal stop of learners’ development) and fossilization (a permanent loss of learners’ progress). Data from online forum discussions show that participants utilized limited English modal functions, while some seemed to have acquired certain pragmalinguistic norms adequately without continuous intervention. Findings are discussed based on Han’s (2009, 2013) selective fossilization hypothesis.

Perceptions of Multimodal Remediation Compositions in L2 Academic Writing #2282

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

Multimodal remediation-based compositions (MRCs) are multimodal compositions where students convert a composition from one mode to another. This study examines EFL students’ perceptions of MRCs. How does doing MRCs impact student perceptions of L2 writing? How do student perceptions differ between text-based compositions (TC) and multimodal compositions (MC)? Findings show that doing MRCs did not change student perceptions of L2 writing. However, students did have distinct perceptions distinguishing TCs from MCs.

Coping and Teaching During a Pandemic: Process Drama Workshop #2059

Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-13:05 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 16

How can we best support our students’ linguistic learning journeys as we simultaneously struggle with our own teaching journeys during a pandemic? This workshop starts with self-reflection, a mental scan of how participants are adapting and coping with the new challenges of being flexible to teach online, face-to-face, and hybrid classes. It is aimed at teachers who are new to using drama: from energizing ice-breakers to project-based process drama, ending with cool downs.

Widgets Inc.: A Task-Based Course in Workplace English, 2nd Ed. #2291

Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-13:05 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 04

Widgets is the first commercial course to successfully apply a principled, “strong” approach to TBLT. It features a task-complexity syllabus, highly contextualized tasks and projects, and an engaging real-world-like simulation. It is flexible enough to use as a general communication course or within international studies, business English, and STEM related departments. It is especially well suited to mixed-ability classes of 12-24 students. Winner of the 2018 ELTon Award for Course Innovation. Presented by the authors.

Intercultural Communication and Technology in Language Education #2328

Sat, Nov 13, 12:05-13:35 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 25

The theme of the ICLE SIG forum at JALT 2021 is intercultural communication and technology in language education. We look forward to learning how teachers incorporate technology to develop and facilitate intercultural understanding in language teaching. Presenters will share case studies, action research, or practices that focus on developing intercultural understanding using various kinds of technology in language classrooms.

One Size Doesn’t Fit All: Appropriate Tutorial Session Length #2055

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

The authors bring valuable findings accumulated through their research with current practitioners about how writing centers can best decide on the tutoring session length at their institution. In this presentation, the speakers will share advice about the important decision when selecting the proper tutorial session length. This session will be helpful both to those in the planning stage and those looking to improve an established writing center or self-access center with tutorial sessions.

Writing for Well-Being: Positive Psychology Writing and L2 Learners #2066

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 19

Research in psychology has found that certain types of writing tasks can have a lasting impact on the writers’ overall sense of well-being. This is potentially of great interest to educators, as an individual’s level of happiness also correlates to other benefits that can positively impact student learning. This presentation will share the findings of an empirical study applying these techniques to an EFL classroom to see if these benefits extend to L2 writers.

Cancelled Eurovision Comparison Writing With Google Suite Applications #2155

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo CANCELLED

The presenter will illustrate a lesson that was used with university students to teach comparison essay writing. The topic was Eurovision performances, and the applications that were used were Google Docs and Jamboard. Through this session, attendees will develop a greater awareness of how Google Docs and Jamboard can be used for brainstorming and collaboration while also increasing opportunities for meaningful communicative output.

Reflections on ESL Intercultural Communication for JPN Classroom Activities #2193

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 14


Scaffolding Oral Task Difficulty to Enhance Engagement and Performance #1951

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

Low-level students often struggle to speak up within orally interactive classwork due to problems with confidence, anxiety, and task difficulty. Participants will be introduced to a powerful three-stage scaffolding model for tasks which helps students improve fluency over time by better preparing, checking, and reviewing planned speech. Recent data on the influence of the model on engagement and performance will be shared and guidance given on applying the model to any language learning context.

What We Know About Teachers’ Medium of Instruction in Remote Learning #1960

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 11

English instructors in Japanese universities hold differing principles regarding the amount of Japanese and English that they use in the classroom. In 2020, these principles were tested for many teachers when classes shifted online. The present study aimed to learn how distance learning affects teachers’ medium of instruction through interviews and observations of Zoom lessons. Findings indicate that technology poses problems as well as offers new opportunities to English instructors.

On Becoming a Ronin University English Teacher in Japan #2255

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 20

In post-war Japan, ronin were university teachers: nearly all were lecturers who worked part-time at various universities around town. Recently, the ronin has been re-envisioned with foreign university English teachers. Here, the question of why pursue a teaching career in Japan at all was investigated. Publicly-available data of over 300 university teachers in Japan was examined, and the data confirms much of what is already known about teaching in university in Japan with some surprises.

Using CBI to Better Understand the Geopolitics of Nuclear Power & Arms #2272

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 10

This presentation will give the results of a mixed methodology study that took place in late 2020 on the factors influencing the perspectives of young Japanese voters on nuclear energy and armament policies. Derived from the results of an extensive survey of 1293 students, a series of lesson plans were developed for a class to explore issues related to a difficult topic through the target L2.

Analyzing YouTube How-To Videos to Investigate Procedural Monologues #2093

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

This presentation outlines an on-going project to investigate text extracted from a 60,000-word corpus compiled from transcripts of YouTube how-to videos (e.g., how to use tools, operate machinery, navigate software applications, and other hands-on activities). Discussion includes how the study’s results will be used to compare similar texts produced by Japanese university students and the underlying goal of developing a valid pedagogical approach for teaching how to give effective procedural instructions in EFL.

Can Reading Lead to Better Writing? - JALT2021 Bill Balsamo Asian Scholar Presentation #2387

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 01

ELT experts believe that reading can help improve student writing. However, experience tells us that this is not always the case. Many L2 readers continue to find writing challenging. In my talk, I offer practical tips on what language teachers can do to help good L2 readers become more proficient L2 writers.

Willy Renandya is the JALT2021 Bill Balsamo Asian Scholar: In 1988, JALT started an Asian Scholar Program through which teachers from other Asian countries are hosted in Japan, meet with teachers here, and give presentations at the annual international conference as well as at local chapters all over Japan on the Four Corners Tour program. In 2008 the program was renamed the Balsamo Asian Scholar Program in honor of Bill Balsamo, president of the Himeji Chapter and founder of the Teachers Helping Teachers SIG. Over the years, teachers from many countries have visited Japan on this program.

Reflections on the Effects of Free Writing in an EFL Writing Class #2159

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

Japanese university students are often required to perform free writing activities in their English language classes in an attempt to encourage confidence in writing in English. This poster will explain the free writing activities used in the authors’ courses, provide quantitative and qualitative data describing the participants’ writing activities, and discuss the students’ reflection on their free writing experiences. Attendees will receive ideas for effectively employing free writing in their English language classes.

Developing Effective Hand-Written Notes in 1st-Year University Classes #2168

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

Effective note-taking by hand plays an integral role when students must research and discuss complex topics. However, first-year university students may lack experience in preparing and using notes effectively. Also, they may not be aware of specific benefits that hand-written notes can offer. In this presentation, methodologies used to help students develop note-taking skills for communication and reflection, as well as ways that hand-written notes can be used in online classes, will be discussed.

Turn-Taking With Japanese ESL Learners Studying Abroad #2188

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

This study examined how Japanese ESL learners use turn-taking to develop interactions in US or Canadian university settings. The results present the variation of turn transitions in conversations, which shows the diversity of turn types. The learners and their interlocutors had much in common using their resources in turn-taking. Turn-taking aimed at facilitating a conversation smoothly and correcting misunderstandings in the talk. Despite sharing these objectives, these resources had various outcomes.

Integrated Use of VOD and Zoom in German Online Teaching #1943

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

This presentation looks at the strengths and weaknesses of synchronous (Zoom) and asynchronous (Video on Demand) teaching approaches in German teaching in Japan. For this purpose, a student survey was carried out in four German classes at Hiroshima University (N=78). In order to provide different types of learners with an effective online teaching method, it will be argued that a combination of both types of teaching approaches is required.

Out-of-Class Learning at a Japanese University Self-Access Center #2212

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

This poster session outlines the first part of a longitudinal qualitative study that investigates university students’ participation in a self-access center by focusing on their perceptions, learning experiences, and attitudes. The research is concerned with whether students will become more willing to seek out future opportunities to use English beyond the classroom in non-formal settings after having been strongly encouraged to do so as part of their English course.

Student Attitudes on English Profanity and Its Inclusion at School #1994

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

Profanity, dirty words, swear words, foul language. All describing a group of words not used lightly. Yet, many use them frequently in successful, positive interactions. So-called bad words have an image problem, but does that extend to Japanese learners? What about learners at a Christian women’s university, where youth, gender, and educational setting may each contribute to perceived image of language. Findings of a study on attitudes of profanity with such learners will be presented.

Studying Ainu and Maori Studies in English: Effects on Indigenous Empathy #1999

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

This poster session will discuss survey results showing that after taking an English as a medium of instruction (EMI) Ainu and Maori Studies course, students felt they became not only more knowledgeable about the course aims, but were more sensitive to discrimination, the importance of indigenous rights, and the need for society to learn more about indigenous cultures. Presentation participants will be invited to discuss the conclusions and the topic in general.

An Analysis of Hedging Taught in Academic Writing Textbooks #2004

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

When writing research papers, learners of English need not only a sufficient level of English but also knowledge of writing strategies and language use in pragmatics. This presentation focuses on a textbook analysis of how hedges are taught to Japanese EFL learners, especially for academic research writing. Although textbooks generally focus on writing strategies in the English language, there were few instructions of hedging use in academic writing textbooks.

Interaction in Equal and Unequal Power Speech Exchange Systems #2036

Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

The interactional skills of Japanese university students were examined using conversation analysis (CA). Data was gathered from teacher-fronted interaction and student-student group discussion. Results showed that students used a more diverse array of interactional skills when the teacher was not involved. This poster presentation will demonstrate how an equal power speech exchange system can be an enabling environment for developing interactional competence.

Preparing Online for JFL Teaching Practice Online #2046

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21


Teaching Observations From the Pre-Sessional Listening Classroom #2060

Sat, Nov 13, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 17

Research investigating listening lessons has shown how teachers prioritise vocabulary-based and problem-solving opportunities but give grammar and background knowledge a lower priority. This presentation outlines three teachers’ current listening practices in a pre-sessional EAP course at a New Zealand university. Three classroom observation lessons and interviews outline the teachers’ use of the textbook, supplementary materials, and feedback. The presentation also provides listening-based suggestions for educators to use in their own tertiary-level listening classrooms.

Challenges Faced From Offscreen to Onscreen Teaching by Student Teachers #2377

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 05

This paper aims to present how a group of eight student teachers teach English language online in seven primary schools in East Malaysia. The focus of this study is looking at the strategies and types of technological tools incorporated into the lessons. The paper also highlights some of the challenges faced by the student teachers and how they attempted to overcome those challenges during the three-month practicum stint.

Cluster Analysis Using Test Scores and Test Familiarity and Preparation #2150

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

This presentation reports individual differences in L2 English proficiency gains after one year in an intensive English program at a small private university in Japan, using test scores, a survey, and interviews. For the current study, cluster analysis was used to identify subgroups from a large cohort based on their test preparation and experience. Cluster analysis, a multivariate exploratory procedure, revealed five subgroups, organised by their proficiency gains or losses, and test familiarity and preparation.

Beginner Learners’ Writing Ability Development Through Online Peer Feedback #1950

Sat, Nov 13, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 09

This presentation reports on findings from a mixed-methods research study with 40 beginner-level university students to explore the effects of asynchronous and synchronous online peer feedback (AOPF and SOPF) on their lexical diversity in writing based on data collected from students’ cause-and-effect essay drafts and their feedback comments. Findings illustrated that AOPF provided students with more opportunities to negotiate with others and had a more positive influence on their lexical diversity than SOPF.

Study Abroad Advising in the New Normal: In Between Ideals and Realities #2248

Sat, Nov 13, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

In this presentation, a case study of how teaching and non-teaching staff members in a university in Japan conducted study abroad advising in 2020 will be examined. The presenter will describe two different approaches of study abroad advising (online seminars and advising desk) and the outcomes for university students in a comprehensive private university in Japan. Implications for future styles of study abroad advising and language education in the new normal will be further discussed.

Aural Recognition of English-Based Loanwords by Japanese Learners. #2252

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 14

A study was conducted to examine the ability of Japanese learners to decode English-based loanwords and English non-loanwords. Target items were presented aurally in English and participants were asked to transcribe the word in English and also write a Japanese translation. The results were then analysed for word frequency, accuracy of spelling and translation, and the effect of being a cognate or non-cognate. Important findings will be presented and their implications discussed.

Examining Trajectories and Interactions of English and LOTE Motivations #2017

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 19

In this presentation, I will report on a three-year motivational interview study that focuses on two cases of academically-oriented Japanese learners when they were at university, graduate school, and after one of them started a professional career. The study examines the development of motivations to study English and languages other than English and the interactions between them. The results highlight the factors necessary to be multilingual in a context where multilingualism is not emphasized.

Online Theatre: A Learning Tool for EAP #2019

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 10

With the spate of theatre currently being streamed online, a unique opportunity has arisen to incorporate professionally filmed plays into academic teaching. By dramatically contextualising coursework, students are offered a platform for heightened levels of critical thinking, the fostering of which is one of the core objectives of any EAP curriculum. This presentation will look at how the National Theatre’s production of Frankenstein was used in a freshman academic class and offer further resources.

The Integration of International Faculty Into Japanese Higher Education #2047

Sat, Nov 13, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 20

The number of international faculty at Japanese universities has grown substantially over the last few decades. However, not much is known regarding their satisfaction with work and degree of integration into their universities. This research analyzes data obtained from a multi-item online survey in 2019 measuring the degree of work satisfaction and integration. Findings suggest that faculty at universities with strong policies toward diversity and internationalization demonstrate stronger perceptions of both integration and satisfaction.

English Bento: Training Speaking and Vocab With Microlearning and Feedback #2163

Sat, Nov 13, 13:25-14:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 15

English Bento is a digital platform that can be used in class or for homework. It trains speaking, pronunciation, vocabulary, as well as other English skills with 11 different activities. A brief demonstration of how educational principles drive each activity will be given. This is followed by a description of the instructor’s dashboard which allows teachers to create classes, set assignments, and track students’ progress using three metrics: progress, score and time on task.

Getting the Most out of New Speaking of Speech, Premium Edition #2296

Sat, Nov 13, 13:25-14:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 04

Is Speaking of Speech Premium Edition a speaking text? Is it a listening text? Is it a core text? Is it a presentation text? It is all this and much, much more. This presentation offers a variety of activities that will make the most out of you and your students’ Speaking of Speech experience. Plus, most of these fun activities can be successfully adapted to your other speaking, listening, reading, or writing classes.

E-oral and Written Feedback on Students’ Language Research Papers #2331

Sat, Nov 13, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 05

This research presents the impact of using e-feedback in teaching language education research on graduate students’ research papers’ content and organization during the pandemic. The e-written feedback was integrated into students’ writing outputs. The e-oral feedback was conducted one-on-one through Zoom and Facebook messenger from November 2020-February 2021. Findings from the survey and focus-group discussion showed that the students claimed that their research papers’ content and organization improved, and immediate e-feedback was essential.

How Teachers Provide Feedback on L2 Pronunciation in Online Study #2085

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 16

This study presents teachers’ cognitions on pronunciation feedback in an online environment. Teachers’ written comments on students’ pronunciation and semi-structured interviews reveal that the teachers have various approaches to providing pronunciation feedback. In particular, they encourage students to increase their confidence in speaking rather than correcting the pronunciation based on the native speaker norm. This presentation concludes with a brief discussion of implications for feedback on pronunciation both in online study and the classroom.

Reflecting on the Authenticity of Online Extensive Reading at University #2092

Sat, Nov 13, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 17

In this study, students in an online IELTS reading course were expected to read English texts of their choice independently every day and record their efforts in a journal. Analysis of journal and interview data showed that students were good at maintaining a daily reading habit but chose short and non-academic texts often. The researcher will reflect on the tricky balance between authenticity in extensive reading and targeting specific text types.

The Fundamentals of Reading: New Perspectives for the Future of ER #2348

Visit the ER page

Sponsored by the Extensive Reading SIG

Sat, Nov 13, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 01

Extensive reading (ER) research provides evidence for gains in fluency, vocabulary, and motivation. Practitioner reflections show that ER is underpinned largely by Krashen’s comprehensible input hypothesis and a whole-word approach. However, what about learners for whom ER is not working? To introduce a new perspective, this presentation highlights three fundamentals—the science of how we read, individual differences, and bottom-up reading processes—and invites a query into the future of ER and reading research.

Helping Matters: English for Social Welfare #2383

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 02

Helping Matters is an ESP textbook for social welfare students. It introduces relevant topics in realistic situations to prepare future social workers who may be called upon to help foreigners in a professional setting. We will talk about why we decided to write this book, its development and how the book can be used in your classroom.

Boosting Accurate Vocabulary Production: A Japanese University Case Study #1965

Sat, Nov 13, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 09

This presentation will introduce an action research project designed to improve students’ productive vocabulary accuracy conducted with intermediate-level Japanese university students. We implemented two weeks of receptive and productive vocabulary interventions for one textbook unit. Through carrying out quantitative surveys, semi-structured interviews, and speaking test transcriptions, the results of this project indicated a marked improvement in student productive vocabulary accuracy.

Successful Development of a Placement Test Appropriate to Context #2223

Sat, Nov 13, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

This presentation begins with concerns about commercial placement tests that led the researchers to develop their own. The presenters demonstrate steps to determining item types, producing them, trialing them, and refining the test instrument. Design tips for making test administration run smoothly are also shared. Statistical analyses supporting validity and reliability are presented. Finally, challenges and how they were overcome will be discussed. Anyone considering developing their own placement test may benefit from this presentation.

Students’ Initial Level of Vocabulary & Their CLIL Course Test Performances #2247

Sat, Nov 13, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 14

The present study compares CLIL course vocabulary test performances of Japanese EFL university students with a higher initial level of vocabulary to those with a lower one. The findings showed that students who knew the most frequent 4,000 word families of English scored high on all the tests; however, those with less vocabulary knowledge did not reveal straightforward tendencies. The presenter will explain possible factors which led to these results.

Reflections and Ideas on Teaching English Oral Presentation Courses #2031

Sat, Nov 13, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 10

This talk reflects on teaching English oral presentation courses at a Japanese university over five years. A focus will be given to how online components were integrated into the course and implementing a comprehensive presenter feedback system that included multiple teacher-, peer-, and self-evaluations, along with reflection discussions. This experience, combined with post-course questionnaire results, will then be used to consider ideas on how presentations can be more effectively addressed in future face-to-face, online, and blended teaching contexts.

Spiral Upward: A Framework for Engendering Reflective Output #2039

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

Paul Ricoeur’s “self” expands its self- and world-understanding by 1) encountering the outside or the other, 2) reflecting upon this encounter, and 3) mediating and processing it through the self’s existing identity: spiraling forward. This presentation employs said framework to engender students’ output that reflects their expanded worldview vis-à-vis their lived reality (e.g., hobbies, diet). This three-step process equips them ultimately to reflect upon the insights gained as a result of their encounters.

Effective Tools for Remote and Hybrid EAP Classes #2373

Sat, Nov 13, 14:05-15:05 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 03

Many institutions are now opting for remote or hybrid classes. Teaching online requires a different approach and different resources than face-to-face situations. This presentation will look at the challenges of teaching in an online environment and present a checklist of tools that can increase the effectiveness of these kinds of classes. The New Interactions series will be used to demonstrate how these tools can be successfully used by teachers and learners in an EAP class.

Applied Critical Thinking: Students Exploring Social Media #2052

Sat, Nov 13, 14:45-15:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 10

This workshop reviews an approach to critical thinking instruction in the context of academic L2 English courses. In this approach, students apply their critical thinking to study controversial issues by investigating comments on social media. During this workshop we will review the pedagogical features, teaching steps, and caveats of this approach. We will also review examples of student work and discuss student perspectives regarding this teaching approach, which were gathered in a post-course questionnaire.

Translanguaging Approach on Anxiety and Motivation in Tertiary EFL Classes #2063

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 14:45-15:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 17

Although strategies to improve communicative competence are increasing, there are students whose self-perception towards language learning results in language anxiety due to the inability to present ideas purely in L2. This research explores how university students and teachers perceive the presence of L1 in the classroom and how its presence correlates with student anxiety and motivation. Moreover, this study centers on translanguaging as a possible approach in a monolingual country like Japan.

The University Students’ Overview in the Virtual Listening Class #2332

Sat, Nov 13, 14:45-15:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 05

This study aimed to see the difficulties and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on a virtual listening class, and the students’ experiences in the listening class at the university level who are living in a rural area in Indonesia.

Building English Skills Through ABC World News Tonight Broadcasts #2395

Visit the Kinseido page
Sat, Nov 13, 14:45-15:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 02

Using authentic broadcast news materials in class is a powerful way to build English skills while also helping students to become more knowledgeable about world affairs and to develop the critical thinking skills necessary in today’s increasingly interconnected world. The presenter will demonstrate some of the teaching methods she uses with Broadcast: ABC World News Tonight, the popular series incorporating streamed video clips from the American television news program.

Making Classes SMART to Boost Student Motivation and Achievement #1953

Sat, Nov 13, 14:45-15:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

Students make greater efforts within language learning tasks if they fully understand where their performance is, where it should go, and how to get it there. The presenter will introduce how to raise student motivation and achievement within common English communication tasks with SMART checklists. Participants will see how they can create more confidence and focused classroom environments by applying simple checklists of skills, measures, actions, reasons and time to their own contexts.

Online Explicit Reading Strategy Instruction: Using Two Web Cameras #1972

Sat, Nov 13, 14:45-15:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 09

In Zoom online English lessons, the researcher-teacher conducted explicit instruction in reading strategies by using two web cameras: one showing the teacher’s face, and the other showing her hand and explicitly showing where she was pointing in an English text. This presentation examines how beginner-level university students perceived the online explicit strategy instruction by using two cameras and how it influenced their English reading.

Formulaic Language in English for Academic Purposes Textbooks #2273

Sat, Nov 13, 14:45-15:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

In this study, I examined formulaic language that appears in English for Academic Purposes (EAP) textbooks. I classified these expressions according to their functions, such as disagreeing or asking questions. I also compared the most frequent expressions from this textbook corpus to a corpus of academic spoken English. Attendees will also hear a discussion of the larger differences between language in academic textbooks and naturally occurring language.

Learning Advisors’ Online Mentoring for Continuing Professional Development #2043

Sat, Nov 13, 14:45-15:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 20

In this presentation, two learning advisors will report on their use of relational mentoring in a duoethnographic approach for their continuing professional development (CPD). They will highlight how mentoring affected each of them and their practices over the course of this regular engagement. The implications of this study will be of value to any educators interested in CPD through online mentoring and in the use of duoethnography as a form of reflective practice.

Successful Presentations Through Content-Based Learning #2302

Sat, Nov 13, 14:45-15:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 04

To encourage student self-expression, meaningful topics are needed. Yet what makes topics deeply engaging? How can educators motivate students to think critically and express their views? This presentation shows how content-based learning can lead to successful presentations. Presenters discuss topic choice, learners’ personal point of view, and supporting students with step-by-step scaffolding. How this can be done online is also discussed.

Reflections on Developing an On-Demand Curriculum #2131

Sat, Nov 13, 14:45-16:00 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

Participants will join a roundtable exploring how teachers at a university in Japan transformed their in-person English communication courses into on-demand lessons. Topics include the techniques used to create content, how the techniques evolved over time, how the content was distributed to students, and how communication was encouraged in an on-demand environment. Participants will be encouraged to consider how the techniques and content created for the course could be integrated with future in-person classes.

Hitting the Lexical Keynote: A Textbook Vocabulary Load Analysis #2061

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 15:25-15:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 17

Textbooks offer teachers guidance and support in their teaching and provide learners with a familiar lesson framework in learning. However, textbooks present many lexical, syntactic, and grammatical challenges for learners. This study investigates the lexical profile and vocabulary load of two popular university-assigned ELT textbooks. Upon the vocabulary analysis of each textbook and their subsequent units, the results show the lexical demands required for second language learners in ELT and Japanese tertiary-level programmes.

Unfolding Online Extensive Reading Attitudes and Experiences of Freshmen #2319

Sat, Nov 13, 15:25-15:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 05

In Thailand, implementing an extensive reading program (ERP) at a university level is relatively new, especially with the integration of an online library. After two semesters of the ERP implementation at a large public university in Bangkok, a study has been conducted to investigate freshmen’s attitudes toward extensive reading, and experiences in reading graded readers online on Students’ feedback will shed light on what needs to be done to improve the ERP.

Benefits of Conducting Mixed-Methods L2 Writing Research: An Exemplar Study #2164

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 15:25-15:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

This paper reviews studies that employed mixed-methods research (MMR) designs in L2 writing research. It discusses what MMR is, how it can be a self-standing paradigm, and what makes it a distinctive paradigm. It then explores benefits and challenges of conducting MMR in L2 writing research and introduces and reflects on a recent MMR study on L2 writing conferences in a university setting.

Gender and Ethnicity in MEXT Approved Textbooks #2185

Sat, Nov 13, 15:25-15:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 13

In Japan, many Ministry of Education (MEXT) approved foreign language textbooks are written by textbook committees predominated by middle-aged Japanese males. Thus, it is reasonable to examine how textbooks may inadvertently contribute to cultural prejudices and personal biases that learners absorb as a byproduct of study. This analysis of MEXT approved textbooks for elementary school learners uncovered disturbing (yet unsurprising) instances of bias and disadvantaged positioning. Recommendations for addressing these issues are included.

Researching Students’ “Emotion Labour” and Participation in Online Classes #2214

Sat, Nov 13, 15:25-15:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 19

When planning a class it is sometimes difficult to predict which activities will work, particularly in online classes. This presentation draws together threads from student interviews and existing literature on student engagement and willingness to communicate, in order to re-interpret learner actions in terms of emotion labor (Hochschild, 1979). It suggests that by taking account of students’ potential emotion labour, teachers can develop trust and increase the chances of successful classroom participation online or face-to-face.

Does Flipgrid Homework Increase Length of Oral Responses? #2010

Sat, Nov 13, 15:25-15:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 09

Many Japanese students struggle with confidence when speaking English. Flipgrid is a website that allows students to submit audio and video reports as well as view other submissions. At a university with non-English majors, this study, with a control and a test group, was made to find out if use of the Flipgrid website helped students increase the length of oral responses on oral examinations during the course of one semester.

JSL SIG Forum #2394

Sat, Nov 13, 15:25-16:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 26

In this forum, two of the JSL SIG members will speak about the ongoing issues surrounding the radical decrement in the number of foreign or exchange students to their institutions and Japan at large. They will also share the ways in which their Japanese programs have given the flexibility to classroom management and curriculum development. This forum ends with an invitation to an open discussion with the audience.

Cultivating Autonomous Learning With a Language Learning Strategy Database #2206

Sat, Nov 13, 15:25-16:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

This panel will overview the evolution of integrating independent learning into a Japanese university’s English program. As language classes moved online in 2020, our research team identified the need to provide students with accessible and practical language learning strategies (LLS) to supplement their personalized self-study. Thus, an online LLS database was developed. Student and teacher feedback will be discussed, revealing insights into how an LLS database can be used to support students’ autonomous learning.

Cancelled Communicative Language Teaching Activity to Improve Fluency and Confidence #2003

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 15:25-16:25 Asia/Tokyo CANCELLED

Participants in this workshop should leave with a thorough understanding of the benefits of introducing reading fluency exercises before or in conjunction with any reading program. The results of nearly 5 years of developmental research will be presented before the procedure is discussed. The face-to-face small class method and the small class online methods will be presented. Participants will be given opportunities to discuss their individual situations and how modifications might affect these exercise outcomes.

Cancelled Talking COVID-19: Facilitating Student Wellbeing Via Process Radio Drama #2278

Sat, Nov 13, 15:25-16:25 Asia/Tokyo CANCELLED

Studies in the field of psychology have shown that expressive tasks, which include talking and narrative writing, can enable adjustment to stressors (Lepore et al., 2000; Pennebaker & Seagal, 1999). Based on these theories, the teacher-researcher invited students to engage with the topic of COVID-19 by creating short performances on the topic via a new technique: process radio drama. This presentation will share data of 30 students from this project.

Japanese Conditionals and Persian Language Learners of Japanese #2073

Sat, Nov 13, 16:05-16:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 14


What Are the Problems for Japanese EFL Learners’ Listening? #2095

Sat, Nov 13, 16:05-16:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 17

This study investigated the kind of problems Japanese EFL learners encounter when listening to English. The presenters collected data from 94 Japanese university students. In the listening test, the participants listened to and transcribed three different but easy passages. The participants were found to recognize approximately 75% of what they listened to. The mistakes were separated into five categories, and the presenters will discuss them showing sample mistakes.

Constructing a Community of Practice in Language Teacher Education #2132

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 16:05-16:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 20

This study explored doctoral students’ construction of and participation in a community of practice in a course on educational technology use in second/foreign language (SL/FL) education. Findings indicate the participants identified themselves as members of a supportive family of language professionals and nascent academics. Multimodal projects they completed in their course served as testaments to their evolving status as developing experts in both these fields. Implications for practice and research are also discussed.

Using CEFR/CV Illustrators to Navigate Meaning in a Mixed-Level CLIL Class #2221

Sat, Nov 13, 16:05-16:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

The presenter explores results after the first cycle of an action research project which applies the illustrative scales of the CEFR/CV to explain ways students in a mixed-level CLIL classroom navigate meaning from texts and lectures, especially when the level of the materials may be above their level. Although efforts are made to match student abilities, mixed-levels, as well as the nature of university-level material, often means materials may be above student level.

Duolingo: Efficacy and Appeal #1973

Sat, Nov 13, 16:05-16:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 15

Use of MALL in university language learning contexts looks set to grow as students’ natural affinity for mobile technology continues to increase. This presentation will discuss a semester-long study designed to research the efficacy and the experience of using the mobile-learning application Duolingo as a language learning aid. It examines the impact of the regular use of this application on student language acquisition through pre- and post-tests, and it investigates student attitudes through survey results.

A Contextual Approach to Exploring Learners’ Beliefs About Error Logs #2240

Sat, Nov 13, 16:05-16:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 19

This presentation investigates language learners’ beliefs about error logs which combine uncoded, focused corrective feedback. Participants were enrolled in writing classes at a Japanese university which were conducted both on campus and online using Zoom and Google Classroom. Students were required to complete an error log in which they identified and corrected targeted errors and mistakes. This study gathered data from language learner diaries, interviews, and metaphors to gain an in-depth understanding of learners’ beliefs.

Art and Artists in the EFL Classroom #2323

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 18:00-18:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 11

This presentation discusses the use of artworks as teaching materials in the EFL classroom. Students at a Japanese art university participated in the study over three semesters. Qualitative data was collected through student essays and participatory responses, suggesting that narrative representational paintings increased student participation, engagement, and motivation. Improvement in vocabulary acquisition and descriptive writing was also noted. The study was motivated by curiosity about the visual arts and their possible roles in EFL.

How to Go Beyond Borders: An Online Collaborative Case in Japan and Canada #2124

Sat, Nov 13, 18:00-18:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 13

We present the results of an online discussion activity between university students in Japan (N=18) and Canada (N=14) on the topic of racism and its potential impact on our volunteer work. This discussion activity forms part of the training for international student peer supporters for language learning and intercultural understanding in their respective universities. Suggestions for encouraging awareness of racism for university students in language education in Japan will also be discussed.

Role of Pragmatic Knowledge in Translation Process #1955

Sat, Nov 13, 18:00-18:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 14

Translation is not just a mechanical transference of meaning from one language into another; rather, the pragmatic features of both languages need to be considered when decoding the meaning embedded in the source language and encoding it into the target language. To this end, this experimental study was conducted to investigate the effect of developing pragmatic knowledge on the quality of translation of culture-bound texts as well as the best method of developing pragmatic knowledge.

Japanese Students’ English and Chinese Translanguaging in Taiwan #1971

Pre-recorded Video
Sat, Nov 13, 18:00-18:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 19

Most studies on motivation and translanguaging have focused on learning L2 English due to its role as a dominant international language of power. In this presentation, we report on two intrinsic case studies (Stake, 1995) of Japanese majors of English who studied in Taiwan for 11 months. Following a survey of their translanguaging practices in Japanese, English, and Chinese, we interviewed them to explore the motivations underlying their language choices.

Making the Most of Online Learning: Student Reflections, Teacher Responses #2243

Sat, Nov 13, 18:00-18:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

This presentation outlines research into student experiences of remote learning. The initial goal was to learn more about students’ online learning experiences and devise informed interventions. The presentation outlines a three-step information gathering process: exit cards, a qualitative survey of reflections, and a Google Forms survey to quantify experiences across the department. These provide insight into factors that influenced students’ satisfaction with remote-learning and illustrate the benefits of engaging students in the process of analysis.

Cancelled Students As Independent Vocabulary Collectors #2269

Sat, Nov 13, 18:00-18:25 Asia/Tokyo CANCELLED

Explicit vocabulary instruction has an important place in L2 classrooms, yet it is impractical to spend a large portion of the class time to teach all the words and phrases the students need to know for each lesson. This action research aims to answer which independent vocabulary collecting techniques students like best and which ones teachers can integrate into lessons to encourage autonomous vocabulary learning.

May /

Peer Assessments: Which Is Better, a Likert-Type or a Rubric? #2033

Sat, Nov 13, 18:00-18:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

Students in two classes at the same Japanese university conducted peer assessments on their peers’ presentations. In one class, the students utilized a Likert-type scale assessment sheet with Categories 1–4. In the other class, the students utilized a rubric assessment sheet where qualitative definitions of evaluative items were written at particular levels of achievement. These data were compared, using a multifaceted Rasch analysis computer program.

Teaching Research Methodology Using Technology and TBLT Approach: A Study #2103

Sat, Nov 13, 18:00-19:00 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 20

A series of increasingly complex tasks within the TBLT framework pushes learners to experience language gains. A research methodology course using technology like Web 2.0 tools within the TBLT framework was offered to a group of 25 pre-service ESL teachers to examine the impact of TBLT on content learning. The findings showed a positive impact on teacher task difficulty perception and social use of technology on task completion and improved comprehension and content learning.

Narrative Inquiry into the Student Sojourn Experience - JALT2021 Kevin Cleary Invited Speaker Presentation #2418

Sat, Nov 13, 18:00-19:00 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 28

Narrative Inquiry is a body of research that considers personal accounts, giving voice to those often invisible in academia. The presentation incorporates Japanese university students’ English language accounts. The purpose is to understand learners from a holistic perspective. Language learning is an individual journey of discovery and progressive skills. It is hoped this presentation will provide perspective, as an educator or a language learner yourself, on personal journeys represented in the Japanese classroom.

Lyndell Nagashima is the JALT2021 Kevin Cleary Invited Speaker. The Kevin Cleary Invited Speaker program was begun in 2014 in memory of a beloved JALT President who passed away in January 2014. Kevin was involved with JALT as an officer at the chapter level and the national level since 2002. The speaker for this award is one who encompasses the same spirit and enthusiasm Kevin showed during his time with JALT.

Serendipities in Self-Access Learning: Positives From the Pandemic #2318

Sat, Nov 13, 18:00-19:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 06

The COVID-19 pandemic has been problematic for self-access and social language learning spaces where community, interaction, and proximity are central to our mission. Moves to remote or hybrid learning and the need for social distancing have forced us to rethink our practices. This forum explores how these initiatives have led to greater choice for learners and even some surprising benefits. There will be two mini-presentations, followed by discussion time.

CUE Professional Development Forum #2361

Sat, Nov 13, 18:00-19:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 24

Being a Successful Academic Reader: How to Systematize Your Reading Practices, by presenters John Campbell-Larsen and Cameron Romney. This workshop will show methods the presenters have developed to meet the challenges of academic reading, and will invite participants to reflect on their own reading. Getting the Upper (APA) Hand: A W5 Workshop on Proofreading, by presenter: Greg Rouault. Proofreading is important for authors and researchers and vastly different than correcting students’ writing.

Using Technology to Assess the Interactive Skills in a Speaking Test #2146

Sat, Nov 13, 18:40-19:05 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

This presentation will focus on an innovative face-to-face testing system that incorporates a variety of digital prompts to assess students utilizing a rubric based on CEFR-J can-do statements. This speaking test is designed specifically for Japanese learners of English and assesses their ability to speak and interact. Technology was used to streamline the test by using digital delivery for images and video in conjunction with an online assessment scoring input system.

Availability of UG and Knowledge of Resumptive Pronouns in ESL Learners #2217

Sat, Nov 13, 18:40-19:05 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 10

Literature suggests differences in language settings might cause learnability issues in ESL learners despite the availability of universal grammar (UG). This study aims to examine the above claim and understand if ESL learners’ (L1-Telugu) knowledge of resumptive pronouns in complex wh-interrogatives shows the full access model of UG in SLA is true. The findings provided evidence of their knowledge of RP at the level of full-transfer along with their bias for its position of occurrence.

The Efficacy of Studying Abroad at Varying Lengths through Remote Learning #2258

Sat, Nov 13, 18:40-19:05 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

This study examines two groups of Japanese university students who participated in a five-month and ten-month study program overseas during the COVID-19 pandemic. Both groups were required to take the TOEIC exam pre-departure and post-arrival, and quantitative analyses were used to measure any improvements at both the individual and group level. Research methods were also utilized to determine the effects of the pandemic on the overall study abroad experience.

Lessons From the Other Side: What Can Dispatch Companies Teach Us? #2064

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 20

Often met with disdain and mistrust by regular instructors, corporate “dispatch” language companies have become widespread in Japanese higher education. However, as these companies and their instructors are here to stay, a closer examination of them is of value. What can regular instructors and departments learn and gain from their corporate counterparts? The presenters examine the experiences of surveyed ex-dispatch instructors as well as provide their own insights and recommendations.

Staying Committed: Foreign Faculty in Japanese Universities #2088

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

This presentation investigates the relationship foreign faculty in Japan have with their university through the lens of organizational psychology. The study highlights why educators’ commitment to their university is increasingly important, the positive outcomes that result from greater faculty commitment, and what department administrators and other leaders should consider in order to improve the relationships faculty have with their institutions.

Developing a Teaching Portfolio for Reflective Practice #2345

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 05

As teachers, we develop a set of instructional skills and tools that we rely on. However, to what extent do we review our own performance? This session examines teaching portfolios as tools for reflective practice, using an example as a way to explore its efficacy. We will look at what to include and how to engage with the portfolio. This is a practical workshop intended to encourage instructors to consider this method of professional development.

Coping With a Changing Academic Job Market #2354

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 13

This presentation will outline some of the current changes and challenges faced by instructors seeking academic employment, such as demographic issues, institutional stability, increasing professionalism, and minimum entry requirements. Strategies and solutions for navigating these challenges will be presented including tips on CV preparation, professional development, and career planning. We will adopt a workshop format for the final portion of the session to address audience members’ needs.

Effects of Form-Focused Instruction on L2 Speaking Development #2125

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 11

This study examined the effects of form-focused instruction on the development of grammatical accuracy in speaking production over time. Approximately 100 Japanese university students did a weekly cartoon narration task in English for seven weeks. Participants were divided into one comparison and two experimental groups where experimental group participants received grammar interventions before speaking narrations. Three participants were chosen from each group and the trajectory of changes in their grammatical accuracy were examined.

Nancy /

How to Help University Students Be More Confident in Speaking English #2126

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 10

Japanese university students sometimes lack confidence in their ability to speak English. In this presentation, the researcher will discuss how students’ learning experiences may be contributing to lack of confidence through the perspective of self-efficacy (SE). Using the quantitative findings of sources of EFL speaking SE inventory, the presenter will outline some of the learning experiences that appear to hinder students’ confidence to speak English.

Dawn /

Developing an Online EFL Reading Proficiency Test #2156

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

This presentation will discuss the development and use of a short, web-based lexical discrimination, phonological and orthographic skill, and vocabulary test to help a university English department assign students into levels and identify students with potential reading weaknesses. Practical and theoretical issues will be discussed, and the correlation of various parts of the test to the TOEFL ITP test and student course performance will be reported.

Emergency Remote Learning: Learner Perceptions and Readiness for Autonomy #1959

Pre-recorded Video
Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 16

This study explored learner perceptions and readiness for autonomy after one year of emergency remote learning. An open-ended survey was administered to 850 first-year undergraduates across eight faculties. Qualitative analysis of learner perspectives highlighted positive and negative impacts of self-directed online learning in areas such as technology, social relationships, affective issues, and self-monitoring strategies. The researchers concluded that autonomy-based educational technology should be widely adopted in higher education contexts and, if possible, pre-university orientation programs.

Creating Interactive Skill-Based Units in World News Class #2134

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 19

In this workshop, we will introduce news-based media literacy skill units for L2 English learners. Topics include fake news, bias, fact manipulation, and sources. We firstly provide some background and argue the importance of including skill-based units in regard to fostering students’ critical thinking ability. Thereafter we shortly describe the process of making the units. Then, we demonstrate some of the activities, such as identifying fake news and spotting bias.

Effectiveness of Feedback in Computer Simulations for Pragmatics Instruction #1982

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 14

This study presents research on the role of feedback types in a computer simulation of an academic advising session that was designed for instruction of refusals and requests. Feedback was operationalized along the dimensions of sociopragmatics (feedback on the overall politeness of a selection in the simulation) and pragmalinguistics (feedback on the forms that contributed to impoliteness). This talk highlights issues with designing computer simulations and presents data on learning outcomes.

Effective Shortcuts for Understanding the English Tense-Aspect System #2250

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

Gaining mastery of the English tense-aspect system remains challenging for university ESL learners. They may have academic writing needs and a need for proficiency given work-related purposes. We developed shortcuts that reflect the shared conceptualizations of the main tense-aspect grammar rules, based on ontological structures of time and happenings. These have allowed students to efficiently understand the main workings of the system, and to facilitate appropriate use of the English tenses while developing self-correction skills.

Teaching English Language Writing Using Smart Templating Technology #2294

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-11:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 04

Teaching English language writing online can be challenging. Interactive components such as modelling, scaffolding, and providing one-on-one support are not easy to replicate through online learning. This workshop will review some of these challenges and show attendees how to use the EssayJack application to address them. EssayJack provides smart, interactive writing templates which can be customised for varying writing proficiencies, to include native language support, and for use in in-person or online classes.

A CEFR-Informed Action Research Model: Reflecting on the AR Cycle #2308

Sun, Nov 14, 10:45-12:15 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 25

This Forum will present an ongoing collaborative kaken research project entitled Language Education reform using action research: Putting the CEFR’s educational principles into practice. Project participants will reflect on the research plans they implemented using a CEFR-informed action research model (CARM) developed by the SIG, and on the first and second year workshops, before discussing the strengths and weaknesses of the CARM model and the goals for the third year of the kaken project.

Cancelled Fostering Language Learner Autonomy in the New Normal #2071

Sun, Nov 14, 11:25-11:50 Asia/Tokyo CANCELLED

Especially in the new normal, we can play a vital role in fostering language learner autonomy by coaching our learners to set goals, reflect on their progress, share with peers, and take advantage of available technology. I will describe a reading course in which self-directed reading logs and individual vocabulary lists were used to promote learner autonomy, and present the results of an open-ended questionnaire designed to gauge student reactions.

Turning the Lost in Citations Podcast Into a Research Opportunity #2072

Sun, Nov 14, 11:25-11:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 20

This presentation introduces the podcast project called Lost in Citations. With each episode centred on an academic publication, we invited scholars from a wide variety of fields to discuss their research in a more in-depth way and learn more about their background. We cover our subsequent text-mining activities, including an example of thematic similarities that emerged within a series of our research-based interviews with academics in connected fields.

Intercultural Competence Development in Monocultural EFL Classrooms #2154

Sun, Nov 14, 11:25-11:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 10

This presentation will discuss results from a longitudinal study aimed at investigating intercultural competence development in largely monocultural, foreign language classrooms. Particular attention will be given to the development of core intercultural competence components, namely curiosity, openness, and respect, as well as an awareness of local and global issues. The presenter will discuss results of pre- and post-intervention surveys, reflective journals, and focus group discussions collected over one semester among 180 EFL university students.

Investigating Students’ Pre-Study Abroad Self-Perceived Attitudes on IC #1946

Sun, Nov 14, 11:25-11:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 13

This study aimed to uncover the attitudinal factors impacting a group of 1st-year Japanese university students’ (N = 89) self-perceived intercultural competence (IC) prior to a 6-week US-based study-abroad program. Thematic analysis from reaction papers following an interactive lecture-workshop orientation revealed that: 1) participants typically perceived their IC through either an individual lens and/or a collective lens, and 2) they then adopted either a passive or proactive mindset towards their impending study abroad experience.

Is Japanese People’s English Really Flat? #2222

Pre-recorded Video
Sun, Nov 14, 11:25-11:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 11

Regarding Japanese pronunciation of English, while errors at the phoneme level allow full understanding by native English speakers, prosodic errors greatly reduce comprehensibility (Yamane, 2007), necessitating improvement of prosody such as intonation. This study attempts to enable effective pronunciation teaching in the field of education by describing in detail the actual pronunciation of English intonation by Japanese speakers and by providing an explanation for this based on the Japanese intonation system.

Cancelled Effects of COVID-19 on University Teachers’ Overall Job Satisfaction #2280

Sun, Nov 14, 11:25-11:50 Asia/Tokyo CANCELLED

This study will present data from a survey of university instructors using Likert-scale items, open-ended items, and interview data collected at the end of the 2020/2021 academic year. The survey questions relate to job satisfaction before and during the pandemic, and what aspects were positive or negative. It aims to find areas of particular concern, suggest possible practical ways to cope with these concerns, and find ways towards professional growth during a difficult situation.

Promoting Self-Assessment in the Classroom Through Reflection #2032

Sun, Nov 14, 11:25-11:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 15

Providing feedback is essential for teaching. However, we wanted to make the classroom more student-centred by allowing students opportunities for self-correction through activities that encourage output from them. Students were asked to reflect on their performance in mid-term and final speaking tests before being given feedback from us in order to provide an opportunity for them to identify their own strengths and weaknesses. We look at the benefits and limitations of this reflective process.

A CEFR Alignment Project: Instructor Adaptations and Implementation #2074

Sun, Nov 14, 11:25-12:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

This presentation is an update on a project to align existing English communication courses with the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). The presenters detail the project’s progress as it moves to a practical implementation stage. In this stage, students are interviewed, while can-do statements are modified and employed in the classroom as well as introduced in the self-access center. The voices of students and teachers are included throughout.

Raising Awareness of Social Issues and Culture in ELT via Critical Pedagogy #2008

Sun, Nov 14, 11:25-12:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 17

This workshop aims to provide ideas for addressing social issues and culture in the ELT classroom via critical pedagogy (Freire, 1970; Giroux, 2005). Initially, attendee approaches toward tackling social issues and culture will be explored. Thereafter, audience understandings of critical pedagogy will be examined before it and its relevance are defined. Subsequently, attendees will experience addressing example social issues and culture via critical pedagogy before concluding with the advantages and risks of using this approach.

Personal Growth Following Study Abroad: Student Reflections #2054

Sun, Nov 14, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 13

Report on a qualitative study of self-reported personal growth in Japanese university students following a long-term study abroad (SA) program. A series of semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted over several weeks. Subjects were asked to reflect on how they changed during their SA time. They were encouraged to give examples, tell stories, follow tangents, and expand on answers. Common themes included increased tolerance of ambiguity, changed perception of other cultures, and personal self-empowerment.

Conversation-Based Learning: We Use Partners, Not Grammar #2068

Pre-recorded Video
Sun, Nov 14, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

Grammar-based learning tries to prevent 10,000 mistakes and then measures ability by how many mistakes you make. It’s like the diet industry: it seems logical that it would work, but the success rate is 2%. Conversation-based learning is all conversations and conversation tests, and students find and fix their own mistakes. In short, students write what they will say, talk about what they wrote, transcribe what they said, and fix their own mistakes.

A Storytelling Workshop: Lessons From Performative Language and Translation #2117

Sun, Nov 14, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 10

This workshop discusses an event combining local folklore, Japanese dialect literature, and performative language practice, and reflects on the self-reported experiences of the learners. Workshop participants will hear details of the event and students’ self-reflections on the learning process, touching on topics ranging from pronunciation to performative language, translation theory, code switching, and language modalities. The workshop will conclude by demonstrating how the lessons learned may be applied in a wider variety of contexts.

American Vibes: Cross-Cultural Interactions Online or in the Classroom #2396

Visit the Kinseido page
Sun, Nov 14, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 03

It is a challenge finding material that is authentic and can take learners outside of the classroom, and even more challenging to find engaging material that works in asynchronous, synchronous, and face-to-face classrooms. Structure is necessary only as far as it does not constrain creativity in any way. With measured scaffolding, authentic video material, and carefully chosen themes as a catalyst, let’s explore how learners can have real cross-cultural interactions in almost any classroom setting.

EFL Teachers’ Feelings of Self Efficacy Towards Inclusive Practice #1956

Sun, Nov 14, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 09

This narrative research study explored EFL teachers’ experiences with neurodiverse students (those with dyslexia, ADHD, and autism) at the tertiary level in Japan and their self-efficacy for inclusive practice. Bandura’s (1977) theory of self-efficacy was used as a framework for interpreting teachers’ interview data. Findings indicate that EFL teachers at the tertiary level in Japan lack training and institutional support necessary to create inclusive environments. Solutions and tips for inclusion will be discussed with participants.

Design Thinking: Creative Collaboration in the 21st Century Classroom #2016

Sun, Nov 14, 12:05-12:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 19

This presentation introduces how design thinking (DT) was used in a university English course to facilitate communication and creative collaboration. The presentation will introduce the work of the students and survey results on student engagement, confidence communicating, and developing cognitive flexibility. Attendees at the presentation will leave with theoretical insights into the impact of DT on student engagement and practical suggestions for implementing DT in language lessons.

Cancelled Using Semi-Repeated Reading to Ascertain Levels of Reading Motivation #2089

Sun, Nov 14, 12:05-13:05 Asia/Tokyo CANCELLED

A classroom study on reading motivation with second year university students in Japan was conducted using semi-repeated reading of multi-path adventure graded readers. Qualitative data on reading motivation, supported by quantitative data on reading speed was collected and used to ascertain the level of reading motivation prior to, during, and after reading sessions. The desire to read in English showed increases at the end of the study despite feelings of anxiety about reading ability.

Student Forum #2360

Sun, Nov 14, 12:05-13:05 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 01

The Graduate Student Subcommittee (GSS) is for people who currently study or are thinking about studying at university. We provide a forum for people to talk about their experience of student life, and we offer this event to help you make connections and share your ideas and concerns. We want to help all students, and we are looking for ideas about how we can do this. Anyone interested in joining or helping us is welcome.

Student Reflections on Projects Leading to New Perspectives #2079

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 16

Project-based learning and teaching (PBLT) has been recognized as an approach that fosters learner autonomy. This presentation introduces the Students as Teachers project, during which university students prepared and taught a 90-minute lesson based on a unit from a four skills textbook. Student reflections throughout the project and at the end of it will be discussed in detail to show how students developed new perspectives on their development as learners of English.

English Proficiency Change in an EFL Program Over 20 Years #2177

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

This presentation will describe a longitudinal study examining the performance of a Japanese university English as a roreign language (EFL) program over a 20-year period. Time-series analyses were conducted using TOEFL ITP results for 20 student cohorts to investigate emerging English proficiency trends. The results indicated that specific institutional events, as well as larger population trends impacting Japanese universities, led to gradual shifts in program student demographics, which contributed to changes in proficiency patterns.

Cancelled Using Intercultural Rhetoric in L2 Writing Classes #2231

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo CANCELLED

Beyond grammar and vocabulary, a knowledge of intercultural rhetoric—how culture impacts communication—can help students create dynamic and powerful English texts. This workshop demonstrates how an awareness of cultural rhetorical models can help students produce meaningful texts in English. The workshop will draw from research in contrastive rhetoric and comparative linguistics and the presenter’s experience creating local English materials to provide a practical workshop for educators wishing to incorporate rhetorical studies in the classroom.

Methods for Reducing Public Speaking Anxiety Through Exposure Training #1979

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 09

Public speaking phobia can have a negative impact on students’ ability to function in the classroom and effectively acquire a second language. This talk will discuss an investigation into the best methods for reducing this anxiety in students, including virtual reality and imagination-based exposure training, mindfulness practice, presentation methods instruction, and more. Participants’ comments from program interviews and surveys will also be presented to explore best practices for classroom presentation activities and assessments by instructors.

The Emergency Remote Learning Process of EFL Students in a Global Course #2022

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:10 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 14

The presenter will demonstrate how Japanese university students were able to face the challenges of Emergency Remote Learning (ERL) when working on group projects. Most students rated themselves as adaptable to remote learning because they completed tasks on time and participated actively in Zoom sessions. However, at times, they felt unmotivated. Their reflections illustrate that ERL was difficult but rewarding as they had acquired technological skills that they could use after the end of COVID-19.

CEFR & LP SIG Annual General Meeting #2307

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 25

The CEFR & LP SIG Annual General Meeting will give a report on the SIGs activities in 2021 and discuss the plans for 2022. All current and future members are kindly invited.

Reflections on ESAP Curriculum Design for Engineering and Science Students #2065

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

Globalization in Japanese higher education scientific fields has created a need to address specialized English language learning within regular programs. This poster chronicles the principal stages of development and reflective process undertaken to construct a vertically integrated ESAP program utilizing collaboratively designed courses and materials based on authentic sources. By employing this type of program model, we aim to enhance learning outcomes and scaffold students’ comprehension and application of content in their chosen fields.

Words of Wisdom from Retiring Teachers #2094

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

What could veteran teachers pass onto the new generation as a legacy before their knowledge and experience disappears into retirement? This poster presentation asks retiring teachers to reflect on their paths with the aim of determining what valuable insights they could offer a new generation of teachers. It also aims to determine what the new generation of teachers feel they need to know in order to fulfill their potential in their new careers.

Learning With Picture Books by Three Familiar Authors Using the Charts #2160

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

The picture books by three popular American authors have repeatedly been included in Japanese language textbooks. Due to this fact, the presenter considered the application of these titles for English education for children and developed two types of categorization charts for less experienced teachers of English. These theme-based or story-based charts can help them acquire vocabulary and expressions. The charts also enable them to design various activities related to the stories.

An Approach to Note Taking That Encourages Higher-Order Thinking #1942

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

This presentation will introduce an approach to note taking that encourages the use of higher-order thinking skills. In this approach, students write notes about their experiences that relate to the content of lectures rather than taking verbatim notes. Examples of students’ notes will be shown and advice on how to implement this approach will be given.

Is Zoom Communicative? A Student Survey of Online Language Learning #2199

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

This mixed-methods research undertook a comparison of students’ attitudes to various aspects of communicative language learning in both classroom and online settings. The findings show that students clearly prefer in-class language learning. They associated communicative language learning with spoken interaction, whereas the need to use ICT in online classes diminished the quality of peer-to-peer interactions and had a corresponding adverse effect on their motivation.

Student Reflections on Effectiveness of Shadowing and Listening Practice #2205

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

This presentation features student comments on surveys after one of three different types of interventions; listening to L1 speakers, shadowing L1 speakers, or shadowing L1 and L2 speakers. We compare the responses to Likert-scale and open questions regarding changes in their confidence in judging English speaking ability (in themselves and others), changes in awareness of phonological features, perceived improvements in speaking ability, and whether the interventions were enjoyable and a good use of class time.

Teaching About Depictions of Japanese in Movies Through Presentations #2213

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

This presentation will explore a project in which university students created presentations about how Japan and Japanese people are represented in movies around the world. The presentation will explore how the project was put together, issues dealing with racial stereotypes and genre, movies from different countries and common issues with these movies, as well as recommendations for how to run the project well in class.

Establishing a Professional Learning Network for Japanese English Teachers #1963

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

A professional learning network (PLN) is a powerful catalyst that can support and enhance English as an international language (EIL) teachers’ PD. This presentation will highlight a nascent PLN research project that aims to provide meaningful pedagogical support to Japanese public school EIL educators. The researchers will report on the challenges and rewards of creating and conducting two online PLN workshops for EIL teachers (N = 25) as well as the data that emerged from these sessions.

Evaluating an Extensive Reading Program at a Mid-Level Japanese University #1970

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

Despite the large body of ER research, there is a paucity of qualitative research that explores the learner thoughts and actions on ER programs or how learners of differing reading proficiency approach ER. This poster presentation focuses on interview data from three first-year Japanese university learners of differing reading ability in an online compulsory ER program during the spring semester of 2020. It concludes with recommendations for implementation of ER programs.

The Use of Negotiation of Meaning Among EFL Learners #2229

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

Using conversation analysis (CA), a set of conversation data from a pair of Japanese university students was analyzed. The stages of phenomena have been discovered and investigated when students encounter a communication breakdown while discussing an issue in English. This poster presentation will be of interest to those who wish to understand the procedure of how advanced English learners cope with communicative tasks.

How to Survive Teaching a Research Paper #2257

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 17

In this workshop, participants will complete a questionnaire about their beliefs concerning teaching a research paper and discuss these beliefs. Next, participants will brainstorm problems students have with research papers, and what decisions instructors must make when organizing a research project. The presenter will guide a discussion and share some recent scholarship. Participants will be provided with a handout of activities to help students develop their skills at writing from research.

Effective Warm-Up Exercises With an Email Magazine #2271

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

Teachers can help to reduce the affective filters of their students and encourage interest by introducing topical comprehensible input at the beginning of a class. The author writes a daily email magazine in simple English which serves this purpose. Using recursive exercises involving listening, reading silently, and shadowing, the teacher can ensure that students focus on meaning while promoting basic language skills.

Independent Publishing or Established Publishing House? #2275

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

In this poster infographic, the presenter will compare and contrast different avenues of publishing a textbook. Specifically, the content will focus on the key differences between writing a textbook for a local publishing house vs. following an independent path and publishing the textbook by yourself.

A Tool for Intelligibility in Healthcare #2276

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 11

This presentation describes a tool in the form of a pronunciation practice guide aimed at helping Japanese students in healthcare disciplines improve their ability to pronounce English medical terms more intelligibly. A test trial of the guide conducted on 87 nursing and medical technology majors demonstrated a remarkable increase in their intelligibility. The presenter describes the main features of the guide and its trial procedures, and recommends its use in medical English classrooms across Japan.

University Students’ Attitudes Towards Online Learning During COVID-19 #2023

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-13:45 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 22

This study explores students’ attitudes, behaviour, and self-motivation towards learning online during the COVID-19 pandemic. Japanese students at a university in Hiroshima were asked to respond to a questionnaire about their opinion on different aspects of online education during the ongoing pandemic. Responses from 125 students were received. While students felt that they learn better in physical classrooms, their concerns lay in three general areas: engaged learning, agency, and assessment.

French Forum: Les hauts et les bas de l’enseignement en ligne #2076

Sun, Nov 14, 12:45-14:15 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 15

Il y aura quatre présentations cette année: 1) Les défis et changements intervenus dans l’enseignement en ligne au cours de l’année écoulée dans un établissement universitaire; 2) Repenser la classe de français en présentiel avec l’expérience de l’enseignement en ligne; 3) Compte-rendu d’une expérience de simulation globale en ligne dans un dispositif combinant oral synchrone et écrit asynchrone; 4) Organiser et évaluer les classes de français en ligne: défis et pistes de réflexions.

The Efficacy of a Person-to-Person Tutoring Program in a University Context #2077

Sun, Nov 14, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

English Clinic is a person-to-person tutoring program designed to provide the opportunity for oral communication experience for students in an English program at a university. This presentation will provide a brief description of English Clinic, argue for its necessity, give an analysis of program efficacy, and give recommendations for development. The aim is to improve the program and help guide other institutions by providing insights in how tutoring clinics can be implemented successfully.

Outcomes of a Quantitative Research Training Project #2142

Sun, Nov 14, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 12

The goal of this presentation is to describe the outcomes of a collaborative professional development project designed specifically for the needs and interests of language teachers looking to get started with quantitative research. The presenter will introduce the goals and methods of the 2018 quantitative research training project and then describe outcomes in terms of participation evidence, teacher feedback, and tangible products including conference presentations and published papers.

Collective Assessment Framework for International Learning #2236

Pre-recorded Video
Sun, Nov 14, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 18

This paper aims to examine the feasibility of the collective evaluating method for the learning outcome of English learners in intercultural virtual exchange. As intercultural exchange with multiple partner institutions requires a common ground for quality assurance of learning outcomes, we developed a common framework of reference for the learning outcomes on “language skills” interconnected with other required skills. This paper will share the application of the framework to the activities in international learning.

Expanding Opportunities for Intercultural Development Through COIL #2238

Pre-recorded Video
Sun, Nov 14, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 16

Collaborative online international learning (COIL) is a method of virtual exchange that offers a way to help bridge the opportunity gap to study abroad by providing cross-cultural exchanges without leaving home. This presentation outlines the process of implementing COIL activities with university students in China and Japan and reports on the impact of such activities on student perspectives of language development, motivation to study a foreign language, and intercultural competencies.

Pre-Service Team-Teaching Training for Japanese and International Students #1991

Sun, Nov 14, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 20

This study examines pre-service team-teaching (TT) training courses for Japanese and English-speaking international students in an education-majored university. The author’s participant observation, interviews with the students, and their reflective notes were analyzed. Japanese students’ English communicative competence is a decisive factor affecting TT role-sharing and satisfaction of their TT performances, but power struggles were sometimes seen. Additionally, opportunities for on-campus intercultural interactions were created through collaborative learning, contributing to enhancing the Japanese students’ intercultural skills.

Literature and Global Citizenship in the Language Classroom #2261

Pre-recorded Video
Sun, Nov 14, 13:25-13:50 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 19

This presentation discusses the role and practical use of literature in the language classroom within the framework of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for curriculum developers. First, relevant literary texts will be introduced in relation to specific goals and analysed with reference to learner level suitability. Next, authentic classroom activities and assessments that may increase effective learner engagement, as well as their awareness of global issues, will be explored.

English Bento: A Speaking & Listening App w/ Progress Tracking Dashboard #2355

Sun, Nov 14, 13:25-14:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 04

English Bento is a speaking and listening training app for students and a progress tracking system for instructors. It was built on the principles of micro-learning, feedback, and fluency training. This workshop begins with participants using the app as a student; followed by a demonstration of how their student data is displayed on the instructor’s dashboard. English Bento is assignment-based with pre-existing content, but also allows instructors to add their own. This workshop is hands-on.

Writing Graduation Theses and Other Research Papers #2300

Sun, Nov 14, 13:25-14:25 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 02

Tackling a graduation thesis in English is a huge challenge for undergraduate students in Japan. It is easy for seminar students, for example, to feel overwhelmed. Emphasizing surveys and interviews as means of collecting data can get the research process started and help students understand the goal of creating knowledge. This presentation will cover materials appropriate for students who will benefit from consideration of writing their research in English.

Interaction in Multiple Contexts: What Can Be Learned From Research #2288

Sun, Nov 14, 13:25-14:55 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 24

Translanguaging, multimodal resources, and interactional competence are fundamental to communication in an educational context. This forum will present three different research approaches which investigated social interaction in different contexts: (a) in a mathematics-based CLIL classroom, (b) an undergraduate geoscience poster presentation, and (c) with multilingual speakers in conversation tasks in a university classroom. Participants will not only learn about the research findings, but more importantly, will learn how to apply them to upgrade their teaching.

Metaphorical Vocabulary Use in English as a Medium of Instruction Courses #2058

Sun, Nov 14, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 19

Metaphor is an important feature of academic discourse that is used in a range of disciplines to express abstract concepts. For example, economics makes frequent use of health metaphors (the economy is ailing/thriving). This presentation reports on the findings of a corpus study to identify common metaphors across a range of disciplines. The presenter will discuss the use of metaphor in various disciplines and teaching materials to develop awareness of metaphorical vocabulary.

Building a Strong Foundation of Academic Vocabulary for University Learners #2078

Sun, Nov 14, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 11

Reaching a 95% vocabulary comprehension level is essential for university English as a medium of instruction courses, TOEFL or IELTS, or overseas study. To meet this challenge, the presenters created an online program of 23 lessons combining the headwords of the UWL, EAP, AWL, and NAWL word lists into a 1,850-word core. This open-source series of 23 lessons utilizes free online Quizlet cards and gamification to motivate students, assess learning, and give feedback on progress.

Efficacy and Effect of Self, Peer, and Teacher Evaluation #2110

Sun, Nov 14, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 21

The purpose of this presentation is to explore the efficacy and effectiveness of self, peer, and teacher assessment of discussions from both student and teacher perspectives. This research centers around the use of check sheets of discussion function phrases which were used to measure individual students’ input and participation in a small group discussion. Students were asked to reflect on each type of assessment, and their participant observations were compared with those of the author.

Getting Creative in Academic Writing: A Flash Fiction E-publication #2149

Sun, Nov 14, 14:05-14:30 Asia/Tokyo | LOCATION: Room 14

This presentation will first provide an overview of the Spring 2020 ERTL transformation of a traditional paper notebook weekly journal assignment into an inter-classroom e-publication: The University Freshmen Flash Fiction Series. Then, the results of learner self-reflection (N=35) regarding their creative writing assignment experiences in a dedicated Academic Evidence-Based Essay Course will be shared. Finally, a rationale for including creative writing as a part of a university freshmen learners’ writing portfolio will be discussed.